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Sustainable Development

Sustainable development, as a global concept, poses a challenge for every person, country and the world in general, all with one objective - to ensure continuous improvement of the quality of life, well-being and sustainable development of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Unsustainable trends regarding climate changes, energy usage, poverty and social exclusion, demographic pressure and aging, threats to public health, use of natural resources, loss of biodiversity, are all processes that have high level of urgency. Therefore, it is the obligation of the present generation to preserve the planet’s capacity to support life with its entire diversity, and to ensure sustainable development.

Achievement of this aim means creating an economy with full and qualified employment, quality health care, social and territorial cohesion, as well as environmental protection.

The European commitment to participate actively in the process of global sustainable development. The overall aim of the sustainable development strategy is to develop a set of actions and measures that will enable continuous improvement of the quality of life, both for current and for future generations, through the creation of sustainable communities that are able to manage and use resources efficiently and to tap the ecological and social innovation potential of the economy, ensuring prosperity, environmental protection and social cohesion.

The progress in realizing the defined objectives is monitored trough a set of indicators, defined by the European Commision.

Bearing in mind the global importance of sustainable development, the State Statistical Office made efforts to compile and to unite in one place available indicators in the statistical system of the Republic of Macedonia, all for the purpose of sustainable development. The indicators have a multi-domain character and reflect the economic, social, environmental, and, to a certain degree, the institutional dimension of sustainable development.

The indicators simply show the movement in a particular area without prejudicing sustainability or non-sustainability.


Key Indicators
  Growth rate of real GDP per capita  ( 2017) : 0.0 % (estimated data)  

  Energy intensity of the economy  ( 2013) : 425.5 kgoe/1000 euro  

  Employment rate of persons aged 55-64  ( 2014) : 38.6 %  

Time Series

Terms and explanations

Gross domestic product (GDP), as a measure of economic activity, is defined as a value of all goods and services produced less the value of any goods or services used in their creation. The annual growth rate of GDP per capita is calculated from figures at constant prices (2005) since these give volume movements only, i.e. price movements will not inflate the growth rate.

The energy intensity of the economy is calculated as the ratio of gross inland energy consumption (in kilos of oil equivalent) to GDP (in constant 2005 euro).

At-risk -of-poverty rate after social transfers is defined as the % of persons with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income after social transfers).

The employment rate of older workers is calculated by dividing the number of persons aged 55 to 64 in employment by the total population of the same age group The indicator is based on the Labour Force Survey.


© State Statistical Office