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Standard of Living

The State Statistical Office measures the living standard in the Republic of Macedonia with the Laeken poverty indicators, consumption of households, as well as with the data on time use and balance between work and family.

The Household Budget Survey is used for collecting data on the average available assets according to the sources, the amount of used assets according to the purpose of consumption, the quantities of foodstuffs and other commodities intended for personal consumption, as well to the household possession of durable goods. The data from this survey are used as base for calculation of the personal consumption in GDP in National Accounts but also for calculation of weights for the Consumer Price Index.

The Time Use Survey provides data on how the average citizens use their time on detailed activities. This survey also represents a source of relevant indicators for creating policies related to the working time, for the growing share of women in the labour force, the overall position of the elderly people, and according to that, for creating certain aspects of the social policy pertaining to the household and the gender structure.

The Survey on Income and Living Conditions enables compiling statistics on income distribution and indicators of monetary poverty. The EU-SILC also serves to produce reliable quantitative information on social exclusion and material deprivation.


Key Indicators
  Total available assets, average per household  ( 2022) : 473 239 denars  

  Total used assets, average per household  ( 2022) : 294 117 denars  

  Laeken indicator of at risk of poverty rate  ( 2020) : 21.8% %  

  Inequality of income distribution, Gini coefficient  ( 2020) : 31.4  

Time Series

Terms and explanations

The available assets within a household comprise the financial means at the disposal of the household, the value of products used for personal consumption from one's own production and the value of consumer credits and loans raised and realized during current year.

The used assets of the household include its expenditures for purchasing goods and services for personal consumption, the value of the consumption from one's own production and the refunded part of the consumer credits and loans.

The poverty line is defined as a level of living standard which should be attained for a person/household not to be classified as poor.

Laeken poverty indicators are internationally comparable poverty data, based on Survey of Income and Living Conditions, conducted by European Union recommendations. The source for poverty calculations are incomes, poverty threshold is defined on 60% of median national equivalised income.

A household is every family or other community of people that live together and spend their incomes together in order to cover their basic needs (those for living, food, etc.) regardless of whether all the members of the household are continually present in the place of residence or whether some of them are staying for a longer time in another place or country for purposes of employment, education or other reasons, but not longer than 1 year.


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