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Methodological explanation for the news release:

Active population

Purpose of the statistical survey

The goal of the Labour Force Survey is to obtain data about the economic activity of the population and its demographic, educational and other characteristics in accordance with international standards and recommendations (ILO and EUROSTAT).

Units under observation

Units under observation in the Survey are: the household and all the persons in it.

Basic definitions

Working age population
- comprises all persons aged from 15 to 79 years;

Economic active population - comprises of the employed and unemployed persons (labour force).

Employed are all persons aged 15 – 79 who:
- During the reporting week have worked for money (in cash or in kind) or for profit at least one hour;
- During the reporting week were temporarily absent from work (because of illness; leave of absence; studies;
break in the activity of the legal entity etc.), but were formally employed;
- Were helping on the family estate or in the family enterprise without pay.

Unemployed are the persons who meet the following three conditions:
- During the reporting week they did not work (according to the above-mentioned criteria);
- Have searched actively for a job or have taken concrete activities to find a job;
- Were prepared to accept work in the next two weeks that followed the reporting week.

The main indicators for monitoring the changes of the labor force are:
- Activity rate as participation of the labour force in the working age population aged 15 years and more;
- Employment rate: as participation of the number of employed in the working age population, aged 15 years and more.
- Unemployment rate as participation of the number of unemployed in the total labour force.

Last updated: 29.03.2011


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