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Environment

The environmental indicators are a useful tool in the process of environmental reporting. Based on numerical data that present the condition, the special characteristic or the trend of a certain phenomenon, they can warn of impending environmental problems. Basically, the indicators are data collected and presented in a predefined way, in order to establish a link between the existing data and the goals of the policy for protection of the environment. The properly selected indicators, based on accordingly selected time series can present the key trends and enable rapid and adequate action by all stakeholders in the environment protection process.

Waste represents an enormous loss of resources in the form of both materials and energy. The amount of generated waste can be seen as an indicator of how efficient we are as a society, particularly in relation to our use of natural resources and waste treatment operation.

Compared with 2014, the total amount of collected municipal waste in 2015 increased by 8.9%.

In 2014, the highest amount of waste was generated in the section of Manufacturing - 1 638 238 tonnes or 89% from the total amount of generated waste.

The amount of generated waste in the Mining and quarrying section was 75198 tonnes.

The highest amount of hazardous waste (1 363) was generated in the Mining and quarrying section.

Water is one of the most important natural resources, and from the manufacturing point of view is the most significant raw material in the production of large number products, in the cooling and cleaning processes in the industria technologies as well as for the energy purposes. In the RM, of the total water resources, the most used are surface waters.

In 2014 from the total used water for industrial purposes, 90% belong to surfaace waters.


 
 




Key Indicators
 
  Generated waste from industry  ( 2014) : 725 911,44 tonnes  

  Hazardous waste from industry  ( 2014) : 38 561,54 tonnes  

  Investments in Environmental Protection  ( 2014) : 2 944 369 thousand denars  

  Expenditures on maintenance of assets for environmental protection  ( 2014) : 3 677 672 thousand denars  

  Generated municipal waste per person  ( 2015) : 380 kg per person  

  Generated municipal waste per person  ( 2015/2014) : +2,7 %  

Time Series



Terms and explanations

Waste

Waste
is any substance or object, which the producer or the person in possession of it, discards or intends or is required to discard.

Hazardous waste is waste containing substances which possess one or more of the following properties: explosiveness, reactivity, ignitability, irritability, toxicity, infectivity, carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, toxicity for reproduction, ecotoxicity and substances which release toxic gases in contact with water, air or acid, established in accordance with the Waste Management Law or other regulation, including any other waste mixed with the hazardous waste.

Non-hazardous waste is waste which does not possess the characteristics of hazardous waste.

Municipal waste is waste collected by or on behalf of municipal authorities. It consists of waste from the households, including the massive waste, similar waste from commercial and trade industries, official buildings, institutions and small business, waste from gardens, street waste, the content of waste containers and the waste from market cleaning. The definition excludes waste from the municipal sewage networks and the waste from construction and demolition.

Commercial waste is any other type of waste generated from legal and natural persons performing commercial, industrial, crafts, service, administrative and similar activities, which according to its nature and composition is similar to the household waste.

Waste from industry is waste generated from business entities in manufacturing industry.

Waste treatment is collection, selection, transport, treatment, recovery, storage and disposal of waste, including the supervision of these operations, as well as the measures for protection of the environment, the life and health of people during the operation of the facilities and installations for disposal of waste, and the care taken after the termination of their operations.

Waste recovery are the operations (with mark R) which objective is usage of usable substances and ingredients, and cover treatments for re-usage of waste, for recycling, and for usage of waste as source for energy, excluding the waste incineration intended for its final disposal.

Waste disposal are the operations (with mark D), which provide final solution for the waste that cannot be re-used or recovered, without endangering the environment and human life and health.

Landfilling is the disposal of waste into or onto the ground; it includes specially equipped landfills and permanent places for temporary storage more than one year.

Landfill is a facility intended for disposal of waste by way of tipping it above or under the ground.

Water

Water supply
shal mean supply of water that the enterprises provided during the year for their own purposes. The quantity of such water is determined on the basis of performed metering at water sources and in production plants.

Used water is the water that the enterprises utilized for their purpouses for the first time, i.e.all used water excluding recirculation and reutilization of used water.

Recirculated water is the total annual volume of water processed in the circulation system.

Effluent water is the total volume of water which is treated as effluent water following its utilization in the reference year.


 


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