Industry has one of the most important places in the development of the Macedonian economy. The fast development of industry is one of the most important drivers of economic growth, the change in socio-economic relationships, way of living of the population, increased interest for technical progress etc.
This development of the industry and its great influence imposed the need for more complex monitoring and analysis of the industry. Since 1952 the index of industrial production has been calculated regularly in the State Statistical Office, thereby obtaining an optimal amount of data based on which we can find the answer to the questions in relation to industrial and economic development. The production volume index expresses the movements of total industrial production and is one of the basic statistical indicators for social planning and economic development, based on which the most acceptable method of economic policy management is defined.
Industry covers the following three sections:B - Mining and quarrying, C - Manufacturing and D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (divisions 05 to 35) from the National Classification of Activities (NKD Rev 2).
- According to the value added data for 2005, the total industrial production was dominated by the following divisions: 10 - Manufacture of food products (11.47%), 35 - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (12.43%), 24 - Manufacture of basic metals (11.47%), 14 - Manufacture of wearing apparel (11.32%), 23 - Manufacture of other non-metallic products (7.46%), 12 - Manufacture of tobacco products (5.81%), 11 - Manufacture of beverages (4.91%) and 19 - Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products (4.53%).
- Of the total number of the active business entities (73 118) in 2011, there were 176 business entities (0.2%) registered in section B - Mining and quarrying , 8 155 (11.2%) in section C - Manufacturing and 98 (0.1%) in section D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply.
- Industrial sections have a big influence in the structure of gross domestic product (GDP). According to previous data on GDP for 2010, section B - Mining and quarrying had a share of 1.5%, section C - Manufacturing 12.6%, and section D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 3.7%.